Swine flu: spread, symptoms, treatment, prevention

In 2009, the United States and Mexico appeared very dangerous flu virus under the A / H1N1, which became known as the still – swine flu.

It has long been no secret that the influenza virus can and animals and birds. Each species has its own specific viral strains, but they quickly changed, and eventually appear very different forms, which are virulent, not only for animals but also for people. This strain of the virus got its name as the “swine flu” because it is very similar in form to the virus that these animals suffer. Although it still has not prevented the virus to start an epidemic among humans and spread throughout the world.

Distributed “swine flu” airborne. It begins disease with lesions of the upper respiratory tract. The virus, once in the epithelium begins to multiply, destroying cells and necrotizing. When getting into the blood A / H1N1 provoke allergic reactions, it affects the circulatory and nervous system, causing intoxication. From it suffers microcirculation, which then leads to edema, thrombosis, vascular walls become thinner and become brittle, bleeding occurs. This disease can be very serious complications, including death, so the spacecraft occurs pneumonia and pathology of the cardiovascular system. Another unpleasant feature of the virus: infected cells are not able to already produce interferon and the immune system in the body becomes very weak and not stable.

The symptoms of swine flu

The incubation period after infection A / H1N1 five to seven days. During this period, the infected already beginning to spread around themselves an infection and infect others who come into contact with him. At the end of the incubation period begin to show signs of illness: headache, sharp jumps fever, runny nose, severe fatigue and digestive problems. Given that all the signs are the same as other forms of influenza, to identify the “swine flu” is necessary laboratory testing.

Swine Flu Treatment

In fact, even this strain, as well as other type of flu is treated the same pattern. The doctor examines and identifying viral infection, assigns antiviral drugs and symptomatic treatment. Usually, the patient is prescribed drugs that stimulate the immune system. Keep in mind that as long as the patient’s temperature will be 38.5 ° or more, it should not be reduced. The rate for children – 37.5 ° .

While the disease is necessary to drink a lot, it is recommended tea with lemon and honey or ginger tea, if only they had no allergies. It is best not to experiment with new dietary supplement and unfamiliar herbs. It is useful to rinse the throat with alkaline solutions, usually baking soda. Necessarily it is necessary to maintain bed rest because the body weakened virus needs rest and quiet.

The patient must eat light food, but high-calorie: broths, purees, it is helpful to eat fresh fruit. Those who care for the sick, should constantly monitor the change in his state of health even if the patient has become a little easier, it does not mean that we should not take medicine. If there is no improvement or the condition worsened, then immediately call your doctor at home.

Prevention of swine flu

When you start the epidemic need to pay more attention to how those who are particularly susceptible to viruses: children, pregnant women and nursing mothers, the elderly. It is necessary to observe the correct mode, to make timely vaccinations, strengthen the immune system. Note that when self “swine flu” is unacceptable, and before taking the medicine, consult your doctor.

So take care of your health is not dependent on the time of year and pay more attention to prevention and self-healing.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *